Tomorrow, Thursday, the King Abdulaziz Public Library in Riyadh will launch an exhibition of the rare Holy Qur’an, in the presence of Faisal bin Abdulrahman bin Muammar, the general supervisor of the library, and a number of interested researchers and researchers.
Celebrating World Heritage Day
The exhibition, which is held in the hall of the King Abdulaziz Public Library in the Murabba branch, includes rare collections of the Noble Qur’an, on the occasion of the library’s celebration of the World Heritage Day, which falls on the 18th of April of each year. The library previously held an exhibition of Arabic calligraphy, and another on rare coins and Islamic coins through the ages.
The same collectibles
The King Abdulaziz Public Library acquires collections of the Noble Qur’an books, most of which were written between the 10th century to the 13th century AH, and it consists of 267 copies of the Koran. It was interspersed with the verse of the chair and some decoration in a hollow shape along the length of the roller. It was decorated with a colorful and gilded vegetal decoration at the beginning and end of it. The text is written inside two gilded frames. It was copied by Fakhr Al-Din Al-Suhrawardi in the year 1284 AH.
Among the distinguished manuscripts that the library possesses, according to “Was”: a noble Qur’an, located in 30 sheets, each two opposite pages being a complete part of the Noble Qur’an. The first sheet was decorated with wonderful floral motifs using bright colors and gold water, and the rest of the pages are rounded and completely gilded, and the side frames contain Colored and gilded floral decorations and copies in the Naskh script in the year 1240 AH / 1824 AD.
Among the most prominent collections of the library: a complete Qur’an, from Surat Al-Fatihah to Surat Al-Nas, written in black ink in exact form within tables in red and blue, written in the month of Ramadan 1025 AH 1616 AD, in Makkah Al-Mukarramah opposite the Kaaba, the copy of the divine scholar Mullah Ali Al-Qari, who died 1014 AH.
As well as a complete Qur’an, from Surat Al-Fatihah to Surat Al-Nas, written with black ink adjusting the shape inside golden tables, and at the beginning of some of the surahs there are ornaments and floral and geometric motifs decorated with gold water and a number of coordination colors, written in the year 920 AH corresponding to 1514 AD, bound in leather decorated with compressed shapes.
Among the notable holdings are: a complete Qur’an, from Surat Al-Fatihah to Surat Al-Nas, written in black ink adjusting the shape inside tables colored in gold, green, red and blue, its first and last leaves decorated with its margins with plant motifs dyed with gold water, and inside the tables are cavities in the form of Islamic motifs, and the blue color is extracted Of the turquoise stone, the embellishment has given a beautiful luster, and in the beginning an indexing of the names of the surahs was written in diagonal inside small squares of great beauty, by the calligrapher Muhammad Sharif Afshar in Jumada al-Awwal 1270 AH corresponding to 1853 AD, and this is one of the Sultanate manuscripts, which are written with great care in for a long time, as they were bound with waxed leather with balls, and kilk paper extracted from rice husks was placed; To protect the papers from overlapping colors, the Qur’an is in pieces “25/40 cm” and the Qur’an is decorated with gold-colored decorations in the form of miniatures and flowers that highlight the aesthetics of Islamic decoration. Its beginning consists of two opposite pages. Surat Al-Fatihah is on the right, then the beginning of Surat Al-Baqara on the left.
Among the copies of the Qur’an owned by the library: a noble Qur’an written in the thirteenth Hijri century in appreciation. It is a Timbuktu Qur’an that is distinguished by its bag-shaped case. The Qur’an was written on “light beige” cardboard in a bold black font with separators of Qur’anic verses in a small brown circle and the formation of verses Putting punctuation marks in bright red.
The library also acquires another Qur’an, “Timboukti”, which has a repository and is completely similar to the previous one, except for the type of script in which it is written, and it dates back to the 13th century AH.
The library acquires a distinguished noble Qur’an written in the thirteenth century AH in appreciation, with floral and geometric motifs with coloring and gilding between the surfaces with golden clouds, in the first of which is Surat Al-Fatihah divided into two parts. While the second page ends with the conclusion of Surat Al-Fatihah “Neither those who are angry with nor those who go astray” and the page cut out in the Qur’an “40/20 cm” and the large area of the first two pages for decoration, the colors of the decoration are: blue, red, white and gold, in the form of roses, small circles and flowers approaching miniatures. What was common in the thirteenth century AH, and what belongs to the Arab and Islamic decorative arts in proportion to the Arabic letters. The Qur’an was written in the Naskh script known for its letter extensions and clarity, and it was written in black with punctuation marks as well as in black.
Qurans from the 13th century AH
Among the library’s holdings are many Qurans written in the thirteenth century AH, and one of them includes the wall and the book “Tafsir Jawahir al-Tafseer for Tufteh al-Amir”, which includes the colors of gold, blue, red and green. , and the large rectangle includes page decorations.
The copies of the Qur’an owned by the library are all of the quality of paperboard, with various sizes. They are all written in black, with black or brown punctuation marks, with color decorations on each page representing Islamic art styles and Arab and Islamic miniatures, which focus on recurring colors. It always refers to the world of flowers with its different colors and nature with its colorful richness.
Among the noble copies of the Qur’an that the library possesses: a complete Qur’an, from Surat Al-Fatihah to Surat Al-Nas, written in black ink, gold water, and turquoise water, and the words of God are set in the form within tables in several colors, and the first and last pages are more careful with geometric and plant shapes, gilded and frilled, which is the royal copy, volume It is made of natural leather covered with wood, and some of its places have been carved with vegetal shapes inside, which have gone to give aesthetics to the Qur’an.
The Qur’an is distinguished by a wide variety of genres
The collection of Qur’ans in the King Abdulaziz Public Library is characterized by a number of types that can be dealt with in several forms, either in the type of font, the region of its writing, the date of its copying, or its decoration. There are also Indian Qurans with various floral decorations. There are also samples of beautiful Chinese and Kashmiri Qurans, and some Mamluk models.
In terms of fonts, they range from the venerable “Kufic” script, Naskh, thuluth, Timbukti and Late Sudanese, as well as the fonts of Levant, Iraq, Egypt and Yemen, and many of the Najd and Hijazi Qur’ans, which indicates the richness of Islamic arts, and the addition of each Islamic nation with its artistic and color visions, decorations and culture Receiving and transcribing the Noble Qur’an.
Follow more: The launch of the International Exhibition and Museum of the Biography of the Prophet and Islamic Civilization in the Holy Sites
The library abounds with many original holdings, and includes among its sides more than eight thousand manuscripts that varied between: the Qur’an and its sciences, the origins of religion, the Qur’an, the sciences of the Qur’an, hadith and its sciences, jurisprudence and its origins, the Prophet’s biography, preaching and guidance, Arabic language, history, philosophy and logic, pure sciences and applied, general knowledge, in addition to many paper and microfilm illustrations, as it works through its cultural programs to spread knowledge and contribute to supporting scientific research and preserving the basic values of advancement, including interest in, preservation and availability of heritage, and benefiting from information, media and communication technologies in introducing the richness of heritage, culture and diversity Its contributions to the march of human development through various historical stages, which confirms the richness of Arab and Islamic civilization and its great influence on global civilizations.
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