A hundred years ago, a book was published about 100 projects to divide the Ottoman Empire

appeared in Paris 1914 A book entitled “One Hundred Projects to Divide Turkey” by T. c. Djovara, who served as Romania’s Minister of State in Belgium and Luxembourg, Chargé d’Affairs in Belgrade, has studies in literature and sociology, and has written on international treaties and conventions relating to Romania.

wiGravel the book 100 attempts to divide the Ottoman Empire, made by politicians, thinkers, priests and doctors, between 1281-1913, that is, over a period of about 6 centuries, to undermine the Ottoman Empire representing the Islamic world in that era.

The book was commented on by Amir al-Bayan Shakib Arslan, who presented it in full detail while addressing European fanaticism against the Islamic world.

Among the projects of dividing the Ottoman state that Djovara mentioned in his book, is the project of Pope Clement VIII, who assumed the papacy of the Catholic Church since 1592, and upon his inauguration, Emperor Rudolph wrote to fight the Ottomans.

His activity against the Ottomans was not limited to correspondence with Rudolph, but he was a tireless work to incite the Ottoman Empire, so he sent to various countries of the East a large number of his advocates to incite Christians to revolt against the state.

He also sought a lot to convince Sigismund, Prince of Transylvania, of the enmity of the Turks, because the latter was underestimating the Ottomans’ danger to the kings of Europe.

Pope Clement was reprimanding the Poles for not fighting the Ottomans. The Spaniards also antagonized the Ottomans and tempted the King of France Henry IV, who was influenced by the Pope’s invitation and sent to his ambassador in Astana saying to him: “The Holy Father refuses but to join the King of Spain and other Christian kings and fight the Turks.”

He also sent his delegate to Vienna in 1600, asking the emperor to enter into a Christian alliance against the Ottomans.

He then proceeded to motivate Henry IV to fight the Ottomans by giving him an implicit promise to be made emperor of Austria after the exclusion of the Austrian royal Utrich family, and he sought to reconcile him with King Philip III of Spain to fight the Ottomans.

Pope Clements’ efforts to undermine the Ottoman Empire were not limited to external factors, but extended his hand to the inside. There was a man from the greatest men of the Ottoman Empire named Sinan Pasha, originally from the Italian Christians, who fell into the captivity of the Turks and became Muslim and became a good Muslim.

After that, he was integrated into Ottoman life until he became one of its greatest men. The Pope made strenuous attempts to restore him to Christianity, and he sent to him the Jesuit monks Antonio and Fencerino Sicala, who were from his family, to persuade him to return to Christianity and revolt against the Ottoman Empire.

Based on what was hoped to win over Sinan Pasha, the Pope sent to Madrid Antonio Cicala, pleading with the King of Spain to cooperate in overthrowing the Ottoman Empire, which Sinan would revolt against after his return to the arms of the Catholic Church, and nestled in his imagination that a Christian family would assume the throne of Astana and carry the peoples Turkish over Christianity.

Pope Clementos Sinan Pasha promised that if he revolted against the Ottomans, the King of Spain and all the Christian kings would be behind him, and that all that he extracted from the Ottomans from the states would become his fiefdom, including Constantinople, with the exception of some states being the share of European Christian kings, within the division that they drew The imagination of this pope.

In 1603, Clement sent two books to Sinan, promising him to be king over the Ottoman provinces that he would conquer on the condition that he convert their people to Catholic Christianity, and called him to renounce the Islamic religion in public.

However, Clement’s attempts to win over Sinan Pasha were all unsuccessful, as the latter remained loyal to the Ottoman Empire and died in agony and grief upon receiving the news of his defeat in the battle of 1605 against Shah Abbas the Safavid.

As for Clement, all his attempts to divide the Ottoman Empire were in vain, and he died nine months before Sinan Pasha.

The truth is that what this Pope was aiming at is largely illusory. If we accept that he was able to win over Sinan Pasha, will the Ottoman Empire turn into a Christian state subordinate to the Pope in this simple way?!

But, in any case, it is one of the desperate attempts made by the West to divide the Ottoman Empire after its termination, because it represented the front of the Islamic world.

It is noted on all of these projects that those in charge of them were tireless and tireless of attempts to implement them, despite the failure of most of them, as the overthrow of the Ottoman Empire and its division was a goal agreed upon by Europe.

In this book, Djovara attributed those desperate attempts to the religious dimension, and the enmity of the West towards the Muslims, to whom the Ottomans carried the unifying banner to which they belong.