Riyadh Newspaper | Reading in the book “Flags and Borders of the Holy Mosque in Makkah”

He was presented and praised by King Salman

Reading in the book “Flags and Borders of the Holy Mosque in Makkah”

I had the honor to obtain a copy of the book (Flags and Borders of the Holy Mosque in Makkah), issued by the Center for the History of Makkah Al-Mukarramah, by its authors Dr. Khudran bin Khader Al-Thubaiti and Dr. Saud Massad Al-Thubaiti, and presented by the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz – may God protect him – by saying: This book (Flags and Boundaries of the Holy Mosque in Makkah) fills the need of this aspect, and after a blessed effort made by its authors and those who supported them in tracking, verifying and defining, and today it comes out for readers and those interested, to be a witness to the goals and tasks undertaken by (Makkah History Center) and as far as is known to be The honor of science.

The center’s management explained in the introduction that the generous hand of the leaders of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia extended “to take care of the boundaries of the Holy Mosque in Makkah and its flags indicating that, so the royal directives were issued to form a committee to look into those borders and flags.”

Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdullah Al-Sabil, Sheikh Abdullah bin Suleiman Al-Manea, Sheikh Saleh bin Abdul Rahman bin Abdulaziz Al-Husayen, and Sheikh Dr. Saleh bin Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Humaid, talked about the formation of the committee that he ordered to determine the locations of the flags, their goals and what I got results.

As for the book, which came in more than six hundred pages of large size, it was divided into sections, the first of which dealt with a general introduction to the study of the flags and boundaries of the Holy Mosque in Makkah. Its subject, study methodology, book plan, search for the flags of the campus, the committee of the flags of the campus, the campus area, determining the levels of flags topics, field survey and circle work. As for the second section, which was titled (General Characteristics of the Grand Mosque in Makkah), the second chapter of it dealt with the natural characteristics of the area of ​​the Grand Mosque in Makkah, and the investigations from the first to the fourth talked about: the geographical location of the area of ​​the Holy Mosque, the natural appearance of the area of ​​the Holy Mosque, and the mountainous heights for the Haram al-Sharif area, and the water drainage network for the Haram al-Sharif area.

Describe the natural and legal characteristics of the area

In the third section, the book dealt with the legal characteristics of the Holy Haram area, through three sections, the first of which dealt with the characteristics and names of Makkah Al-Mukarramah, while the second dealt with the virtue and sanctity of Makkah, and the third was devoted to talking about the provisions of the Holy Haram.

The third chapter talked about the locations of the flags of the Grand Mosque in Makkah and previous studies, and the fourth chapter showed the locations of the flags of the Grand Mosque in Mecca through three sections, the first of which dealt with the history of the flags of the Grand Mosque, the second about the stages of renewal of the flags of the campus, and the third was devoted to talking about the general rules in controlling the locations of the flags of the campus. .

In the fourth section, which was titled General Geographical Characteristics of the Flags and Borders of the Holy Mosque in Makkah, the sixth chapter of it dealt with the general characteristics of the flags of the northern border of the Holy Mosque (Eastern Section), through sixteen sections, the first dealt with a general description of the eastern section and its nomenclature, while the rest of the investigations talked On the characteristics of the flags of Jabal al-Suthiah, Jabal al-Dahma, Jabal al-Naqwa, al-Naqwa, Jabal Umm Sidra, Jabal Umm al-Ma’in, Jabal al-Hamra (Baghgha), Jabal al-Hathnah, Jabal Fara’ Fakh, Jabal Fara’ al-Aqd, Jabal Hijali, Jabal al-Waqir, Jabal Saif, and Jabal Numan. and softening area.

In the section, it dealt with the general characteristics of the flags of the northern border of the Holy Mosque (the western section), and in it the seventh chapter dealt with the general characteristics of the flags of the northern border of the Holy Mosque (the western section), and it has twelve topics. Ten characteristics of the flags of Jabal Naeem, Jamarat, Al-Watd Mountain (Al-Jafr), Raha Mountain, Jabal Al-Rad’a (Infant), Umm Al-Qazzaz Mountain, Umm Al-Shabrum, Umm Al-Markh Mountain, Abu Dali (Abu Baqar), Jabal Abu Zwaleh, and the Al-Ashash area . In the eighth chapter, the book dealt with the general characteristics of the flags of the western border of the Holy Mosque in Makkah, through six sections, which dealt with a general description of the western border and its nomenclature, the characteristics and flags of the Shumaisi region, the northern mountain of Azlam, the southern mountain chain of Azlam, Jabal al-Mushah, and the Jbeilat al-Jitaban.

The ninth chapter dealt with the general characteristics of the flags of the southern border of the Grand Mosque in Makkah, through eighteen sections, dealing with a general description of the southern border and its nomenclature, and the characteristics of the flags of Jabal Hushaif al-Kalab, Duma al-Hamra, Jabal Al-Bashimat (Al-Bashaim), Jabal Ghorab, Jabal Labinat, Jabal Kabsh, Al-Jubeilat and Al-Dunes And the tenth chapter talked about the general characteristics of the flags of the eastern border of the Holy Mosque in Makkah through twenty-four topics.

The book concluded with a conclusion in which the authors said that this book came as “a complement to the work of the early pioneers (Al-Azraqi, Al-Fakihi and Al-Fassi), and the field work took a long period that lasted nearly thirteen years, and it became clear beyond any doubt that the Great Mosque of Mecca is surrounded by a number of flags on all its borders. The geographical number reached 1104 flags, including 650 flags in the northern border, 38 flags in the western border, 299 flags in the southern border, and 117 flags in the eastern border.

Dr. Fawaz Al-Dahas, director of the Center for the History of Makkah Al-Mukarramah, said in a previous press interview, “The boundaries of the Haram were established since the days of the Prophet Adam – peace be upon him – because he feared for himself from the devils, so he sought God’s protection, so God sent angels, they surrounded Mecca from all sides. There is another narration. She says that Ibrahim – peace be upon him – when he wanted to build the house, God commanded the angels to stand on these flags so that the demons and jinn would not enter Mecca until the construction of the Kaaba was completed.

And he said that there is a third narration – and I am inclined to it – which says that Ibrahim Al-Khalil – peace be upon him – when he came to Mecca with his wife and son Ismail, peace be upon him, and prayed to them {Our Lord and show us our rituals}, Gabriel, peace be upon him, came down to him, so he went with him, and he showed him all the rituals, and he set him on the limits The sanctuary, so Jibril was referring to it at the sites, and Ibrahim ramming stones, erecting flags, and scattering dirt on them. And the flags of Mecca are 1104 flags on the tops of the mountains.

Al-Dahas added: During the era of the Messenger of God – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – the Quraysh learned that he cares about the limits of the Haram, and the Quraysh wanted to harm the Messenger of God, so the Quraysh stripped the entire limits of the Haram – or what they were able to control on the tops of the mountains – so the Prophet became harsh on that, so Gabriel came to him And he said to him, “O Muhammad, did you become too hard for the Quraysh to remove the monuments of the sanctuary?” He said, “Yes.” Gabriel said: “As for them, they will return it to its places.” The Holy Prophet said: “Will they return it to its rightful places?” Gabriel said: “By God, they will not place a stone except in the hands of an angel.” So it was returned, and Gabriel came to the Prophet with good tidings, and said: “O Muhammad, you have been restored to its place.”

He continued: “The Messenger – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – was the first to renew these flags. Tamim bin Assad al-Khuza’i – may God be pleased with him – was assigned to them. Then the Rightly-Guided Caliphs, Banu Umayyah, Abbasids and Muslim sultans succeeded in reaching the Saudi state.”